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|Questionable Organizations: An Overview, 6/12/2014|
|1. Are its ideas inside the scientific mainstream? Some groups admit that they were formed because their founders felt alienated from the scientific community. One group that made no secret of this was actually called the American Quack Association, whose main purposes were to provide emotional support to its members, poke fun at their critics, and stimulate positive public feelings toward unconventional practitioners. The group was founded in 1985 by Jonathan Wright, M.D., who became its president, and Roy Kupsinel, M.D., a "holistic" practitioner from Florida, who became its vice-president. It attracted about 300 members but no longer appears active.|
American Holistic Medical Association (AHMA)
American Holistic Nurses Association
American Holistic Veterinary Medical Association
Holistic Dental Association
International Academy of Holistic Health & Medicine
International Association of Holistic Health Practitioners
American Board of Holistic Medicine (ABIHM)
Holistic Moms Network
American Holistic College of Nutrition
American Institute of Holistic Theology
New Hope Bioresonance University of Holistic Medicine
Universal University of Holistic Spirituality
Holistic Nutrition Credentialing Board
International College of Holistic Medicine (IHCM)
National College of Holistic Medicine (NCHM)
Holistic Resource Center
International Institute of Holistic Healing
1. Are its ideas inside the scientific mainstream? Some groups admit that they were formed because their founders felt alienated from the scientific community. One group that made no secret of this was actually called the American Quack Association, whose main purposes were to provide emotional support to its members, poke fun at their critics, and stimulate positive public feelings toward unconventional practitioners. The group was founded in 1985 by Jonathan Wright, M.D., who became its president, and Roy Kupsinel, M.D., a "holistic" practitioner from Florida, who became its vice-president. It attracted about 300 members but no longer appears active.
American Holistic Medical Association (AHMA)
|Stay Away from Holistic and "biological" Dentists, 28/12/2012|
|Stay Away from Holistic and "biological" Dentists|
Stay Away from "Holistic"
Dentists who identify themselves as "holistic" or "biological" typically claim that disease can be prevented by maintaining "optimum" overall health or "wellness." In their offices, this typically involves inappropriate diagnostic tests, recommendations for expensive dietary supplements and/or homeopathic products; a plastic bite appliance; unnecessary replacement of amalgam fillings; and/or removal of root-canal-treated teeth. John E.
Much of "holistic dentistry" is rooted in the activities of Weston A. Price, D.D.S. (1870-1948), a dentist who maintained that sugar causes not only tooth decay but physical, mental, moral, and social decay as well. Price made a whirlwind tour of primitive areas, examined the natives superficially, and jumped to simplistic conclusions. While extolling their health, he ignored their short life expectancy and high rates of infant mortality, endemic diseases, and malnutrition. While praising their diets for not producing cavities, he ignored the fact that malnourished people don't usually get many cavities.
The Weston A. Price Foundation, of Washington, D.C., is another membership organization founded to promote Price's principles. Founded in 1999, it advocates holistic dentistry, organic farming, raw (unpasteurized) milk, and many questionable dietary strategies. It also opposes fluoridation.
The Holistic Dental Association was founded in 1978 to provide a forum for developing and sharing of "health-promoting therapies that were not taught in dental schools."Fourteen In March 2006, its online directory included 99 U.S. dentists.
The American Academy of Biological Dentistry (IABD) was formed in 1985 and was renamed the International Academy of Biological Dentistry and Medicine (IABDM) in 2005. IABDM's founding mission statement says: "The IABDM supports dentists, physicians and allied practitioners committed to integrating body, mind, spirit and mouth, and caring for the whole person." Its seminars have promoted "mercury-free dentistry," "detoxification, "cavitation surgery," electromagnetics, sound, light, acupuncture, homeopathy, herbal therapy, nutrition, and "an integrated approach to body, mind and spirit, with diagnosis and treatment of the whole person." In September 2005, its online directory included 55 dentists and 6 members from other professions .Fourteen of the dentists also belonged to the Holistic Dental Association.
"Holistic" and "biological" dentists use many approaches that are not only unsound but involve procedures and body areas that are outside of the legitimate scope of dentistry. Some practitioners use hair analysis, computerized dietary analysis, a blood chemistry screening test, or muscle-testing, as a basis for recommending supplements to "balance the body chemistry" of their patients. Hair analysis is not a reliable tool for measuring the body's nutritional state . Computer analysis can be useful for determining the composition of a person's diet and can be a legitimate tool for dietary counseling.
Instead of accepting the laboratory's range of "normal" values, "holistic dentists" use a much narrower range and tell patients that anything outside that range means they are out of balance and need treatment. Muscle-testing is a feature of applied kinesiology, a pseudoscientific system of diagnosis and treatment based on the notion every health problem can be related to a weak muscle and nutritional imbalances . Variations used by dentists include behavioral kinesiology and autonomic response testing (ART). Some biological dentists also use neural therapy, a bizarre approach claimed to treat pain and disease by injecting local anesthetics into nerves, scars, glands, trigger poins, and other tissues.
The diagram to the right is from the Web site of a "holistic" dentist.
Proponents claim it is effective against facial pain and ailments throughout the body. Its practitioners twirl needles or administer small electrical currents at points on the ear that supposedly represent diseased organs. Courses on auriculotherapy are popular among "holistic" dentists. Complications from unsterile and broken needles have been reported. There is certainly no scientific evidence or logical reason to believe that fiddling with someone's ear can modify a disease process at a remote part of the body
states that, "Cavitations are hard to find. They require lots of skill, years of experience, and most of all, a vivid imagination to spot them on an X-ray film." Vivid imagination may well be the basic requirement of holistic and biological dentistry.
My advice is simple. Steer clear of dentists who practice "holistic dentistry" or "biological dentistry" or who use or even recommend any of the dubious methods described in this article.
Disciplinary Actions against Holistic or Biological Dentists
|Unnaturalistic Methods: A, 25/3/2007|
| African holistic health (African holistics, African holistic science, African medicine): Subject of African Holistic Health, whose fourth edition was published in 1993. The paperback's author, herbalist and massage therapist Dr. Llaila O. Afrika, developed this ethnic variation of naturopathy. Its purported design is to treat the physical, mental, and spiritual causes of "dis-ease."|
(See "holistic dentistry.")
alternative medicine (alt-care, alternative care, alternative-complementary healthcare , alternative healing, alternative healing therapies, alternative health, alternative therapeutics, alternative therapies, alt-med, complementary and alternative medicine , complementary health care, complementary medicine , complementary practices, extended therapeutics, Fringe Medicine, holistic healing, holistic health, holistic medicine, natural healing, natural health, natural medicine, New Age medicine, nonproven therapy , nonstandard medicine, unconventional medicine, unconventional therapies, unconventional therapy, unorthodox healing, unorthodox therapies, wholistic medicine): Broadly, any or all health-related methods and practices (a) for which scientific evidence concerning safety and efficacy is lacking or largely contradictory, and (b) are more popular, or likelier to be more popular, among non\health-professionals than among practitioners of mainstream biomedicine. Related expressions include "innovative medicine," "integrative medicine," "mind-body medicine," "New Medicine," and "planet medicine."
aromatherapy (aromatic medicine, conventional aromatherapy, holistic aromatherapy): "Branch" of herbal medicine that centers on using fragrant substances, particularly oily plant extracts, to alter mood or to improve individuals' health or appearance.
Aura-Soma (aurasomatherapy, Aura-Soma therapy): "Holistic soul therapy" that Vicky Wall, a clairvoyant born in London, developed in the mid-1980s. It is a variation of color therapy and a form of aura balancing and chakra healing. Wall authored The Miracle of Colour Healing: Aura-Soma Therapy as the Mirror of the Soul, (HarperCollins Publishers, Inc., 1993). Thorsons Publishers issued its second edition in 2001.
African holistic health (African holistics, African holistic science, African medicine): Subject of African Holistic Health, whose fourth edition was published in 1993. The paperback's author, herbalist and massage therapist Dr. Llaila O. Afrika, developed this ethnic variation of naturopathy. Its purported design is to treat the physical, mental, and spiritual causes of "dis-ease."
aromatherapy (aromatic medicine, conventional aromatherapy, holistic aromatherapy): "Branch" of herbal medicine that centers on using fragrant substances, particularly oily plant extracts, to alter mood or to improve individuals' health or appearance.
|Forfeiture Compensates Five Hurt by "Holistic" Fraud, 12/11/2011|
|Forfeiture Compensates Five Hurt by "Holistic" Fraud|
Forfeiture Compensates Five Hurt by "Holistic" Fraud
A woman nearly killed by arsenic poisoning and rendered quadriplegic is among five people sharing more than CN$340,000 as a result of a civil forfeiture involving a self- proclaimed "holistic healer" who allegedly promised to bring one client back from the dead. The defendant, Selena Tsui, has not been charged or convicted in relation to the allegations in the forfeiture case, which settled out of court. The client who suffered grave health effects, identified as EL, is asking media to respect her privacy and not identify or contact her.
|Analysis of the Final WHCCAMP Report: Chapter 2, 28/3/2002|
|Even this terminology is unsatisfactory to many because it does not reflect emerging models of health care that have arisen in the overlapping areas between these various systems. Nor does it account for the fact that health care systems, practices, and products that are not widely accepted or readily available in one part of the United States may be fully accepted and easily available in another. Members of the Commission considered other terms, such as "integrative health care," " collaborative health care," "comprehensive health care," and ""holistic health care," but chose to use the term "complementary and alternative medicine" because it is used in the President's Executive Order and is widely recognized by the media and in the scientific literature.|
The late 1970s saw the emergence of the holistic health care movement in this country. Holistic practice (holism comes from the Greek word "holos" or "whole") emphasized an attention to the whole person, including the physical, spiritual, psychological, and ecological dimensions of healing. Holistic health care incorporates practices and concepts of Eastern philosophy and diverse cultural traditions, including acupuncture and the use of herbs, massage, and relaxation techniques as well as conventional medical practices . It gained its greatest following among nurses . However, many physicians, particularly those in the new specialty of family medicine, also became interested in this movement. The American Holistic Medical and Nurses Associations were formed, large professional and public conferences held, and a number of holistic medical clinics and holistic health centers opened.
In addition, several other studies have found that belief in a holistic approach to health, a strong internal locus of control, and transformational life experiences also are associated with CAM usage .
Berliner HS, Salmon JW. The holistic alternative to scientific medicine: History and analysis. International Journal of Health Services 1980;10:133-147.
Lowenberg JS. Caring and Responsibility: The Crossroads Between Holistic Practice and Traditional Medicine. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1989.
Boschma G. The meaning of holism in nursing: historical shifts in holistic nursing ideas. Public Health Nursing 1994;11(5):324-330.
Keegan L. Use of alternative therapies among Mexican Americans in the Texas Rio Grande Valley. Journal of Holistic Nursing 1996;14:277-299.
|Clayton College of Natural Health: Be Wary of the School and Its Graduates, 23/7/2011|
|Many nonaccredited correspondence schools issue "degrees" and certificates which suggest that the recipient is a qualified expert who can provide rational advice about nutrition or health care. These documents are promoted as though they are equivalent in meaning to established credentials—which they are not. One of the most prolific was the Clayton College of Natural Health (CCNH), of Birmingham, Alabama, offered "degrees" and certificates in "natural health," traditional naturopathy, "holistic nutrition" and related subjects. CCNH described itself as "the world's leading college of natural health" with over 25,000 graduates. In July 2010, it suddenly announced that it was closing. This article explains why I recommend avoiding its alumni.|
In the late 1970s Lloyd Clayton, Jr., N.D., who had recovered his own health through natural healing, established an eco-friendly herb company. Soon, his new company was inundated by customer inquiries regarding herbs and how to use them. Delighted to discover such strong worldwide interest in natural health, he and family members created two distance learning colleges in 1980: The Clayton School of Natural Healing and American Holistic College of Nutrition. Coming together in 1997 as Clayton College of Natural Health, the school now offers college degree programs in traditional naturopathy, natural health, holistic nutrition, continuing education for graduates, certificate programs in herbal studies, healthcare professional studies, and iridology, and concentration programs in herbology, iridology, and nutrition and lifestyles .
By 1985, the school was called "The Clayton School of Natural Healing," the catalog offered a "Doctor of Naturopathy" program, and Clayton's product line had expanded to include homeopathic products and vitamin and mineral formulas. In 1985, East/West Journal reported that the tuition was $695 for a 100-hour course . In 1991, the school offered "Doctor of Holistic Health" and "Doctor of Science" Programs. By this time, tuition for the "Doctor of Naturopathy" program had risen to $1,735 with a $300 discount if the entire amount was paid in advance. The application form in the packets from 1983 through 1991 was a single page that asked nothing about previous education. The only apparent requirements for admission were a name, an address, and payment of tuition.
The 1995 catalog stated that the Clayton School of Natural Healing and the American Holistic College of Nutrition had been "brought together as part of the American College of Natural Health." By this time, the catalog had expanded to 48 pages and offered bachelor, master's, and doctoral programs leading to eight different degrees, with tuition ranging from $1,435 for the Master of Science in Natural Health to $4,485 for a B.S./M.S./doctoral program. Unlike previous versions, the catalog was printed on high-quality paper and the application form asked about educational and work experiences.
CCNH's courses have included instruction in "alternative" cancer treatments, aromatherapy, "the ayurvedic approach," Bach Flower remedies, biochemical individuality, spectro-chrome (color) therapy, detoxification, enzymatic nutritional therapy, fasting techniques, homeopathy, imaginal healing, iridology, psychodietetics, reflexology, therapeutic touch, and "methods for determining your own optimal supplement levels." I have not reviewed the actual course materials, but all of these methods involve irrational theories and methods. The nature of CCNH's teachings is also reflected in the brazen claims of its graduates. Here are a few examples of people who have listed one or more "degrees" from Clayton or the American Holistic College of Nutrition:
Gillian McKeith, author of You Are What You Eat and Living Foods for Health, is a television commentator and sees patients at her McKeith Research Centre in London, England. A booklet she wrote states that she "conducts clinical research, publishes findings, and treats illness through comprehensive biochemistry" and "believes that most disease can be eradicated with the proper application of a natural and nutritional approach." She also operates McKeith Research Ltd., which markets "organic living food supplements." From 2002 to 2004, one of her Web sites described her as "the world's top nutritionist" and stated that she had "spent several years" training for master's and doctorate degrees in holistic nutrition from the American Holistic College of Nutrition. Like Clark, McKeith has never reported any research in a medical journal.
Bill Misner, director of research and product development for Hammer Nutrition, lists "Ph.D. (High Honors) & M.S. (Honors) Holistic Nutrition."
Amy Yasko, who does business as Holistic Health International and the Neurological Research Institute in Bethel, Maine, includes ND and NHD from CCNH among the six credentials listed in her resumé. Her special interest is in treating autistic children. One of her Web sites claims that using natural herbs and medicines, she has has been able to "halt and in most cases have reversed the effects of chronic adult inflammatory diseases including ALS, MS, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, SLE, Myasthenia gravis, heart disease, sarcoidosis and polymyalgia rheumatica, among others."
Robert O. Young, author of The pH Miracle, The pH Miracle for Diabetes, and The pH Miracle for Weight Loss, claims that health and weight control depend primarily on proper balance between an alkaline and acid environment that can be optimized by eating certain foods. These claims are false .Young offers educational retreats that include a private blood cell analysis and "nutritional consultation" at his 45-acre estate in Valley Center, California. In 1996, under a plea bargain, Young pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor charge of attempted practice of medicine without a license and was promised that the charge would be dismissed if he stayed out of trouble for 18 months. Young claimed that he had looked at blood samples from two women and simply gave them nutritional advice . The blood test he advocates (live-cell analysis) has no scientific validity . Young's "credentials" include doctoral degrees in nutrition, science, and naturopathy from the American Holistic College of Nutrition. His Web site claims that he "has been widely recognized as one of the top research scientists in the world," and his book states that he "has gained national recognition for his research into diabetes, cancer, leukemia, and AIDS." Yet he, too, has had nothing published in a recognized scientific journal.
|Unnaturalistic Methods: H, 26/1/2005|
|Healtheology: One of the fields of study offered by the American Institute of Holistic Theology, a nonaccredited correspondence school in Youngstown, Ohio. The institute defines "Healtheology" as "a theological science of health, espousing the concept that health and theology have a common ground." Healtheology encompasses acupressure, angelic healing, aromatherapy, Ayurveda, breathwork, color therapy, crystal healing, herbalism, home opathy, hypnosis, "music therapy," polarity healing (polarity balancing), psychic healing, reflexology, shamanism, shiatsu, Therapeutic Prayer, transpersonal psychology, vibrational healing (vibrational medicine), and yoga. Its theory posits a soul with a threefold purpose: to experience, learn, and express itself.|
Heartwood massage: "Holistic" form of bodywork taught by the Heartwood Institute, in Garberville, California.
holistic dentistry (holistic general dentistry): Form of general dentistry that may include acupuncture, biofeedback, CranioSacral Therapy, and/or homeopathy.
holistic gynecology: Purported "natural" approach to women's health. It includes "vitamin and herbal therapies" and visualization (see "creative visualization," above).
holistic nursing (wholistic nursing): Form of nursing that exalts intuition and may include AMMA Therapy, biofeedback, guided imagery, Healing Touch, homeopathy, iridology, massage therapy, Oriental medicine (especially acupuncture), psychic healing, tai chi, and/or Therapeutic Touch. Its purported goal is integration of body, mind, and spirit.
Holistic Palpate Energy Therapy: Form of aura balancing.
holistic psychiatry: Form of "psychiatry" that may include biofeedback, bodywork, energy healing (see "vibrational medicine"), and homeopathy.
holistic psychotherapy: Approach to psychotherapy promoted by Russian-born Reiki practitioner Katya Salkinder, M.A. Apparently, it is a purported means of releasing "energy blocks" created by "unresolved emotional conflicts."
holistic reiki: Variation of Reiki founded by interfaith ministers Marla and Bill Abraham.
|The Medical Messiahs: Afterword, 20/11/2004|
|This pattern reveals that unorthodox cancer treatment had moved to a considerable degree under the "alternative" or holistic umbrella. From this position the foes of scientific medicine not only condemn the medical/regulatory establishment and lobby against it in legislative bodies, but they also frame a counter-paradigm that they seek to persuade the public is intellectually more valid and therapeutically more effective than the system of science.|
"One of the major successes of pseudoscientific thinking," William Jarvis has written, "has been tacit acceptance of the word 'alternatives' into current health jargon." Holistic medicine," Clark Glymour and Douglas Stalker have argued, "is a pablum of common sense and nonsense offered by cranks and quacks and failed pedants who share an attachment to magic and an animosity toward reason. Too many people seem willing to swallow the rhetoric-even too many medical doctors-and the results will not be benign." These two philosophers have edited a book in which scholarly specialists expose the illogic of major elements in the holistic movement .
Varro E. Tyler, "Hazards of Herbal Medicine," in Douglas Stalker and Clark Glymour, eds., Examining Holistic Medicine (Buffalo, 1985), 323-39.
Most of these modalities are given critical analysis in Stalker and Glymour, Examining Holistic Medicine.
Stalker and Glymour, Examining Holistic Medicine. See also Gerald E. Markle and James C. Petersen, "Social Context of the Laetrile Phenomenon," in Markle and Petersen, Politics, Science, and Cancer, 151-73; Loretta Kopelman and John Moskop, "The Holistic Health Movement: A Survey and Critique," Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 6 (1981), 209-35; Denise Hatfield, "The Holes in Holistic Medicine," ACSH News & Views 6 (November-December 1985), 12-13.
|Unnaturalistic Methods: C, 3/7/2009|
|The Cayce Approach to Health and Healing: "Holistic approach" to healing and wellness that encompasses breathwork, energy field work, Self-Applied Health Enhancement Methods, and "remedies" (e.g., the apple diet) related to the "readings" of clairvoyant Edgar Cayce (1877-1945). Its theory posits reincarnation and a triune body (physical body, mental body, and spiritual body) and defines "healing" as the process of "awakening" the "God-pattern" within humans.|
Cayce/Reilly massage (Cayce/Reilly approach to massage, Cayce/Reilly method, Cayce/Reilly technique): "Holistic" form of massage named after "psychic" Edgar Cayce (see "The Cayce Approach to Health and Healing") and physiotherapist Dr. Harold J. Reilly, coauthor of The Edgar Cayce Handbook for Health Through Drugless Therapy (A.R.E.® Press, 1975). It includes energy balancing.
Chinese medicine (Traditional Chinese Medicine, TCM): Ancient "holistic" system whose basics include herbology, nutrition, and the concepts of acupuncture meridians, the Five Elements (Five Phases), and yin and yang. TCM theory posits both "Organs" (the Triple Burner, for example) and "Substances" (such as Shen, or "Spirit") for which scientific evidence is absent.
CHOI KWANG DO: Noncompetitive martial art that borrows from chiropractic, hatha yoga, "holistic health," and shiatsu.
Christian hypnotherapy: One of the "services" offered by the Abunda Life Church, in Asbury Park, New Jersey. Its other "services" include Christian meditation (C.M.) and spiritual healing (prayer and the laying on of hands). The church shares an address with the Abunda Life Holistic Retreat and Clinic, whose founder, Robert H. Sorge, N.D., Ph.D., D.D., obtained his N.D. degree from a nonaccredited correspondence school.
cosmo-biological birth control: Subject of the Lotus Light book of the same name, by Shalila Sharamon (whose training includes "holistic astrology" and the "Sidhi technique") and Bodo Baginski (whose training includes meridian therapy, Polarity, spiritual healing, and Touch for Health). Cosmo-biological birth control is a purported mode of birth control and family planning based on an alleged interaction of personal and cosmic cycles.
|British Courts Side with Vaccination in Parental Dispute, 8/8/2003|
|To the other mother it represents a total rejection of the holistic approach to life that she has adopted. She breast fed her daughter for 3 years partly to ensure that her daughter had all the advantage of her own immunity. Vaccination is not required and is contrary to all her strongly held beliefs.|
She said she had been interested in holistic health and natural parenting since 1990. She became very friendly with people who were breast-feeding longer than the usual 4 months.
She explained that once you start looking at holistic health issues it is a way of life. She thought it was up to each individual to weigh up what they feel is at risk. The medical community has not provided adequate information and the anti-immunisation lobby has provided some of the answers.
She considered homeopathy a part of her holistic medicine.
The essence of the mother, feelings are well set out in the report. It is the trauma and pressure of the court system, her holistic approach, and how the present application strikes at the heart of who she is. Of the immunisation she said " It is not the risk - it is because it is unnecessary".
It is different for mother A. To her the application is an affront to her beliefs on a holistic approach to life. She is also in a vulnerable state which may need to be protected. A decision to immunise will be very upsetting for her but not impact on her relationship with C to any significant extent, (paras.
|The Legacies of Edgar Cayce, 28/8/2005|
|Each year, A.R.E. holds dozens of conferences in Virginia Beach and various other cities. They have covered such subjects as angels, astrology ("the key to self-discovery"), chakra healing, "intuitive healing," reincarnation, UFOs, weight control, and "holistic" financial management. A flyer for a 1992 "psychic training" seminar states: "You are already psychic. . . . You only need to become aware of it!"|
Many of Cayce's remedies are sold through the mail by Home Health Products, Inc., also in Virginia Beach. Home Health specializes in "natural products for a holistic approach to health care" and bills itself as an "official supplier of Edgar Cayce products for health, beauty, and wellness." Its own products include skin conditioners, laxatives, and a few supplements, but its catalog also offers supplements made by other companies. Products advertised therein have included: (1) ANF-22, touted as "powerful relief from the pain, swelling and stiffness of arthritis"; (2) Aphro "Herbal Love Tonic"; (3) Bio Ear, said to provide "all-natural relief for ringing, buzzing, and noise in the ear"; (4) Brain Waves, described as a mental stimulant; (5) Cata-Vite (formerly Cata-Rx), said to be "a safe non-prescription formula which counteracts nutritional deficiencies associated with age-related cataracts"; (6) His Ease, alleged to "increase seminal fluid and sexual virility"; (7) Kidney Flush, claimed to "help flush away urinary infections"; (8) Liva-Life, for "toxic overload"; (9) Liver Tonic Detoxifier, "an all-natural mixture that detoxifies and cleanses the liver"; (10) Prostate Plus, proposed as an alternative to surgery; (11) Ribo Flex, "muscle/joint nourishment that reduces painful muscle spasms and enhances natural flexing action"; (12) Sugar Block, said to "prevent absorption of unwanted sugar"; (13) Thyro-Vital, claimed to "improve thyroid function"; (14) Jerusalem Artichoke Capsules, an Edgar Cayce product described as "a natural equivalent to insulin injections"; and (15) Mummy Food (nuggets composed of figs, dates, and cornmeal).
In 1970, William A. McGarey, M.D., and his wife, Gladys Taylor McGarey, M.D., founded the A.R.E. Clinic in Phoenix, Arizona. According to Medical World News, they opened the facility to offer "comprehensive care to patients seeking holistic medical alternatives." In 1989, Gladys McGarey resigned as clinic co-director and set up the Scottsdale Holistic Medical Group in Scottsdale, Arizona, with their physician-daughter.
A founding member of the American Holistic Medical Association, William McGarey is currently board chairman of the clinic. In an interview in Health Talks (1989), he said that the clinic had a staff of forty-five or fifty persons, including five physicians (one an osteopath), a chiropractor, and a psychologist with a doctoral degree. An advertisement for the clinic in the January/February 1992 issue of East West Natural Health names two naturopaths.
|Bernadean University: A Mail-Order Diploma Mill, 22/3/2014|
|Timothy Kuss PhD, CNC., a California nutritionist, has MS and PhD degrees from the American Holistic College of Nutrition and naturopathy certification from Bernadean. Biographical sketches describe him as Director of Research and Development at Infinity Health in Denver, Colorado; co-founder of the Institute of Bio Energetic Research in Walnut Creek, California; and a consultant to over 1,500 medical clinics across the country.|
Chester P. Yozwick, "CNA, ND, PMD" founded and served as president of the American Institute of Holistic Theology , a nonaccredited correspondence school offering bachelor's, masters, and doctoral programs in metaphysics, "parapsychic science," divinity, "healtheology," holistic ministries, and "naturology. (Like Bernadean, AIHT states that it is accredited by American Association of Drugless Practitioners.) Yozwick was also author of "How to Practice Nutritional Counseling Legally Without Being Guilty of Practicing Medicine Without a License," a 42-page manual for "natural health" practitioners . The booklet's foreword, written by Kadans, calls Yozwick "a highly regarded graduate of Bernadean University." The key to avoiding legal trouble, said Yozwick, was not to "diagnose, treat or sell anything or collect fees for anything under the promise that it will cure disease." He advised readers to watch their language, to avoid naming organs of the body, and to say what they would do if they had their client's problem. He advised screening clients with a questionnaire, verifying their identity, and taking other steps to keep out "undesirables" (such as government investigators). He advised using a disclaimer stating that the advice given is not a substitute for medical treatment but is "for the sole purpose of teaching people how to build their own health." He also advised joining a professional nutritional association that can provide sound legal advice, nutrition news, group malpractice insurance, increased prestige, and news of "detrimental" legislative developments.
Besides guiding his new operation as "Dean of Students," Kadans was also executive director of the "International Naturopathic Association," which claimed a membership of 2,000 and had the same Nevada address as Bernadean University . In 1981, the group's name was changed to "International Association of Holistic Health Practitioners (Naturopathic)," but its executive director and address remained the same.
|Nonrecommended Periodicals, 14/3/2012|
|Holistic Health Journal |
Holistic Medicine *
Journal of Holistic Nursing
|Alternative Medicine: A Public Health Perspective, 25/1/2009|
|Misconception #5: Alt-care is more "holistic."|
Acupuncture, chiropractic, homeopathy, naturopathy, and some types of massage therapy are rooted in vitalism, the theory that biological activities are directed by a supernatural force. Supernaturalism is the opposite of the naturalism upon which evidence-based medicine is based. Although most of the alt-care systems named claim to be "holistic," vitalism represents dualism, not holism. Vitalists believe in a Life Force that can exist apart from the physical body. Acupuncturists call the alleged force "chi," chiropractors call it "The Innate," homeopaths call it "vital energy," and naturopaths call it "vis medicatrix naturae." Some vitalists even interpret herb-induced hallucinations as "out of body" experiences. Some have said that the failure of a patient to respond to treatment meant that "the spirit has decided it is time to leave the body." Modern science is truly holistic because it holds that the "mind" is a functioning brain that is inseparable from its anatomy, not a metaphysical entity.
use buzz-words that resonate with their patients (eg, "natural," "nontoxic," "nutritional," "preventive," "holistic," "wellness"), but which are only vaguely understood
|Newsweek's Misleading Report on "Alternative Medicine", 16/10/2006|
|Cowley suggests that nation's insurers are biased against "holistic" care. But the real "bias" of nation's insurers is against losing money. Unfortunately, some insurers offer of dubious treatments that they think will attract subscribers. Many plans charge an extra fee or merely enable subscribers to obtain discounts from designated practitioners. And Cowley fails to recognize that good doctors have always considered patients as whole beings and that "holistic" is a dangerous banner under which practitioners of nonscientific methods rally.|
Another book the sidebar recommends is The Holistic Pediatrician by Kathi J. Kemper, MD, MPH. Kemper's book is, for the most part, a useful resource for parents. The vast majority of healthcare methods recommended in the book are rational and fit right in the medical mainstream. The book also provides prudent warnings to consumers about herbal products available to consumers in the United States. And Kemper does not rely on anecdotes as evidence. The main problem with the book is that Kemper embraces studies finding various "CAM" treatments as effective without considering whether the results make sense, are clinically significant, or are attributable to research design problems. For example, she cites a paper by Jennifer Jacobs and her colleagues in support of her suggestion to consider seeing a homeopathic practitioner to administer homeopathic remedies (which probably contain none of the supposedly active ingredients) for childhood diarrhea. But, as pointed out in a published critique, the study showed no clinically significant benefits of homeopathic treatment, no benefits were demonstrated for most measured outcome variables, different homeopathic products were used on different subjects, and the subjects did not have diarrhea severe enough for treatment, rather than monitoring, to be indicated. Based on similarly shaky evidence, Kemper, suggests trying: (a) "therapeutic touch" for burns or fever; (b) visiting a TCM practitioner who can recommend an herbal tea for eczema treatment; (c) homeopathic remedies containing "pulsatilla" to treat ear infections (followed, if the infections don't clear up in 24 hours, by seeing a physician); and (d) acupuncture treatment for allergies, asthma, bedwetting, headache prevention, and nausea/vomiting. According to a description of Kemper in the second edition of the book, she was recruited in 1998 by Harvard Medical School to become the first director of the Center for Holistic Pediatric Education and Research. In his foreword to the second edition of Kemper's book, her colleague Herbert Benson, MD, President of the Mind-Body Medical Institute wrote: "On the other hand, hucksterism and quackery are alive and well. Con men manipulate millions via mass media and the Internet; and it takes a physician experienced in both traditional and alternative medicine to keep perspective in the face of sales tactics appealing to nature, forgotten mysteries, and forbidden fruits." Benson is mistaken. "Alternative medicine" is a mere marketing label promoted as if it were a medical speciality. Consumers need the perspectives of experts in healthy skepticism.
|Notes on James S. Gordon, MD, 1/4/2002|
|During this time, he also became increasingly involved with aspects of "holistic medicine." By the late 1970s, Gordon was well placed in NIH and was appointed director of a study of alternative mental health services for The President's Commission on Mental Health under the Carter Administration.|
"Alternative Services \ A Special Study," Dr. Gordon's short appendix in the 1978 commission report, included sections praising holistic medicine and the midwifery philosophy of a counterculture commune, "the Farm," which was founded by psychedelic advocate Stephen Gaskin. An entire section of Gordon's report concerns "Alternative Treatments for Psychotic Adults." It supports the "creative insanity" philosophy of Carl Jung and R. D. Laing as an "alternative treatment for psychotic adults." R. D. Laing is quoted as referring to schizophrenia as "a voyage into self of a potentially revolutionary nature."
J.R. Worsley, the renowned English acupuncturist and educator, and Dr. James Gordon, the holistic physician and author from Washington, D.C. who serves on the faculty of the Georgetown University School of Medicine."
During the 1980s Gordon continued to gain influence within alternative mental health and holistic medicine circles. When the Office of Alternative Medicine (OAM) was founded in 1992, he was one of three co-directors of the OAM's Mind-Body Panel, along with Dr. Larry Dossey and Jungian transpersonal psychologist Jeanne Achterberg. Their seminal Mind-Body Intervention report laid the basis for the mystical, parapsychologically-oriented direction of OAM's and NCCAM's Mind-Body research .
|Unnaturalistic Methods Glossary, 4/6/1997|
|alternative healthcare (alternative healing, alternative healing therapies, alternative health, alternative medicine, alternative therapeutics, alternative therapies, complementary health care, complementary medicine, extended therapeutics, Fringe Medicine, holistic healing, holistic health, holistic medicine, innovative medicine, mind body medicine, natural healing, natural health, natural medicine, New Age medicine, New Medicine, planet medicine, unconventional medicine, unconventional therapies, unconventional therapy, unorthodox healing, unorthodox therapies, wholistic medicine): Amorphous group of "therapeutic" and "diagnostic" methods chiefly distinguished from establishmentarian (science-oriented) healthcare by its acceptance of "spiritual health" as a medical concern.|
|Be Wary of "Alternative" Health Methods, 9/12/2014|
|"Alternative" promoters often claim that their approach promotes general health and is cost-effective against chronic health problems. In a 1997 article, for example, the American Holistic Association's president claimed that various "basic healthy habits" would "tap a well-spring of physical energy experienced as a state of relaxed vitality." In addition to exercising, eating a nutritious diet, and getting sufficient sleep, the list includes abdominal breathing; taking "a full complement of antioxidants and supplements; and "enhancing the body's ability to receive and generate bioenergy" through regular acupuncture treatments, acupressure, healing touch, craniosacral therapy, qigong, and several other nonstandard modalities. As far as I know, there is no published evidence that "alternative" practitioners are more effective than mainstream physicians in persuading their patients to improve their lifestyle. Nor have any vitalistic approaches been proven effective or cost-effective against any disease.|
Inker R. Basic training for holistic medical practice: Nurturing your body. Holistic Medicine Winter 1997, pp 4-5.
|Court Orders Columbia Pacific University to Cease Operating Illegally in California, 5/11/2013|
|Charles Bates, founder of Beyond Dieting, who acquired a Ph.D. in epidemiology from CPU in 1987 where his dissertation on environmental triggers and food allergies was supervised by C. Norman Shealy, M.D., founder of the American Holistic Medical Association. Between 1988 and 1993, Dr. Bates served as clinical director of a large outpatient chemical dependency treatment clinic.|
Lonny J. Brown, PhD, who "teaches Holistic Health, Stress Management, and Mind-Body Healing at hospitals, businesses and schools throughout the U.S." obtained an MA in "Holistic Health Sciences/Education" from CPU in 1983 and a PhD in 1985.
|Key Points about Amalgam Safety, 25/7/2012|
|Clayton College of Natural Health, of Birmingham, Alabama, offered home-study courses leading to "degrees" in "natural health," naturopathy, "holistic nutrition," and "holistic health sciences." At various times it claimed to have been accredited by the World Association of Universities and Colleges (WAUC), the American Association of Drugless Practitioners and the American Naturopathic Medical Accreditation Board. However, since these entitles were never recognized by the U.S. Secretary of Education, Clayton's accreditation claims had no academic significance. Clayton claimed to have produced more than 25,000 graduates. In 2008, Alabama, which had been a haven for substandard schools, began implementing a new rule that private, degree granting, post-secondary educational institutions must be accredited by a recognized agency or be a candidate for accreditation. As of October 1, this requirement applied to any such institution that applies for initial licensure or renewal. Clayton was able to remain licensed temporarily by becoming a candidate for accreditation by the Distance Education and Training Council for a new program that would lead to a bachelor's degree in nutrition. However, in 2010, it abruptly closed.|
Columbus University, formerly located in Metairie, Louisiana, offers degrees in more than 125 subjects. Louisiana shut it down in 2001, but it relocated to Mississippi. About ten years ago, it offered " doctoral degrees" in naturopathy, hypnotherapy, holistic health, and nutrition counseling and claimed to be accredited by the WAUC. Today, its Web site does not list these courses and says nothing about accreditation.
|Therapeutic Touch: Responses to Objections to the JAMA Paper, 2/10/2007|
| 5. This was not a test of TT, but a parlor game. What the practitioners were required to do during the experiment invalidated its applicability to TT, especially since TT is a holistic process and can't be validly analyzed in parts.|
The argument about TT being "holistic" is a thinly disguised attempt to get back to "outcome" (i.e., clinical) testing, where it is easier to obfuscate, ignore negative results, or explain away nonconforming data. There have been numerous clinical trials on outcomes using TT. The results are highly mixed. Some tests do not have statistically significant results, others revealed slight positive effects (though statistically significant), and several actually reported statistically significant effects, but negative (i.e., the control group did better than the TT group).
Holistic practitioners' prejudice against what they call "reductionism" (analyzing things in parts) is not shared by others in scientific medicine.
|Some Notes on "Dr." Gillian McKeith, 7/3/2007|
|One of McKeith's Web site states that she “spent several years re-training for a masters and a Doctorate (PhD) in Holistic Nutrition from the American Holistic College of Nutrition (USA).” This entity was founded in 1981 by an unlicensed naturopath named Clayton and operated under various names until it was renamed Clayton College of Natural Health (CCNH) in 1997. CCNH and its predecessors have never been accredited by any agency recognized by the U.S. Secretary of Education . This means that the credentials they have issued have no legitimate academic standing. It also means that their graduates would be ineligible for licensure in the states that require accredited credentials (which most do). CCNH claims to be accredited by two accrediting agencies, but this claim is dishonest because neither is a recognized agency. Correspondence schools do not provide students with the supervised experience with patients/clients needed to achieve professional competence. Thus, even if CCNH's teaching were reliable—which they are not—it could not provide an adequate basis for entry into clinical practice.|
In February 2007, the British Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) announced that McKeith had informally resolved a complaint by pledging to stop advertising herself with the title "doctor" based on her American College of Holistic Nutrition "degree." The change was triggered by a pending ASA ruling that McKeith's use of the term "Dr." was likely to mislead and breached ASA's advertising practice code . ASA has jurisdiction over claims in magazine and newspaper ads, radio and TV commercials, TV shopping channels, billboards, leaflets, brochures; cinema commercials, direct mail, door drops and circulars, CD ROMs, DVD and video, faxes, Internet banner and pop-up ads, commercial e-mail, and SMS text message ads. McKeith's Web sites still call her "Dr. McKeith," but claims on a company’s own sites are outside of ASA's purview.
|The Legacy of Adelle Davis, 20/7/2006|
| The most important and comprehensive book about quackery ever published. Covers chiropractic, homeopathy, naturopathy, acupuncture, faith healing, vitamin pushers, mail-order quackery, "fad" diagnoses, overselling of herbs, cancer and arthritis quackery, unproven "allergies," dubious dentistry, multilevel marketing, immunoquackery, "organic" foods, weight-control facts/fads, occult practices, holistic hodgepodge, prominent promoters, why quackery persists, what can be done, and more. Edited by Stephen Barrett, M.D., and William T. Jarvis, Ph.D. Foreword by Ann Landers. Hardcover, 544 pages, $30. (Canada $31.00)|
EXAMINING HOLISTIC MEDICINE (1985)
Lays bare "holistic medicine" as not constituting a distinct concept of medicine but rather a melange of banalities, truisms, exaggerations and falsehoods, overlaid with disparagement of not only scientific conclusions but reason itself. Chapters written by numerous authorities; edited by Douglas Stalker, Ph.D. and Clark Glymour, Ph.D. Softcover, 406 pages, $23.
|OTA Report: References, 13/1/2006|
|52. Arnan, M., and DeVries, L.E., "Effect of Ozone/Oxygen Gas Mixture Directly Injected Into the Mammary Carcinoma of the Female C3H/HEJ Mice," J. Holistic Med. 7(1):31-37, 1985.|
477. King, F.X., Rudolf Steiner and Holistic Medicine (York Beach, ME: Nicolas-Hays, Inc., 1986).
513. Ladas, H.S., "The Potential of Selenium in the Treatment of Cancer," J. Holistic Med. 4:145-156, 1989.
|OTA Report: Dietary Treatments, 13/1/2006|
|The unconventional dietary treatments for cancer described in this chapter are also distinct from the adjunctive use of dietary treatment in other contexts, e.g., in the more numerous and diverse practices where physicians and other practitioners offer what is often referred to as "alternative" or "holistic" health care. The issue of dietary treatment in conjunction with conventional treatment by these practitioners is commonly raised in the popular literature, but detailed information is scarce. The actual dietary regimens, their rationales, and the outcomes have not yet been reported, so the extent and nature of their use cannot be characterized precisely.|
I define inner growth as the expansion of our whole being, particularly our spirit, as we interact with each other and with the environment...This new positive foundation supports a new paradigm for the field of health care, allowing for the influx of great new streams of intelligence, experiences, and creativity. Millions of people who come along in future generations will be able to build and react upon this new paradigm. It is an ultra-holistic model with a completely realistic and scientific framework. We are moving from a left-brain dominant system to a left/right balanced brain system, with plenty of heart mixed in. I don't know if I understand it all —I don't think anybody can completely grasp such a comprehensive process of change. But it's a beautiful thing to watch. (761)
The introduction of macrobiotic practices into the United States is usually attributed to George Ohsawa (1893-1966), the pen name for Yukikazu Sakurazawa, a Japanese teacher who studied the writings of Sagen Ishizuka (1850-1910), a Japanese physician. Ohsawa is said to have cured himself of serious illness by changing from the modern refined diet then sweeping Japan to a simple diet of brown rice, miso soup, sea vegetables, and other traditional foods (509). He initiated the development of macrobiotic philosophy, reportedly integrating elements of Eastern and Western with "holistic" perspectives on science and medicine (509). Ohsawa made his first of several visits to the United States in 1959.
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